Any woman, any age, however it is most often diagnosed in middle-aged women and women who have had children - however in the last nine years since the awareness campaign has been in full flow - women in their late teens and early twenties are being diagnosed far sooner - which goes some way to support the theory that the adenomyoma tissue may well be present within the uterine wall before puberty.
Scientists agree there is a link between the condition and the various hormones including estrogen, progesterone, prolactin, and follicle stimulating hormone and studies suggest imbalances of any of these may trigger the condition. Historical studies also claim risk factors include childbirth, tubal ligations, Caesarean sections, and termination of pregnancy.
In my research to date, I have established there appears to be a strong link with the over production of estrogen. It is known that the adenomyoma are estrogen dependent and that women with adenomyosis should avoid estrogen of all types - synthetic and naturally occuring. Even at low levels, estrogen mimicking chemicals can come from beverage bottles and food containers. The consensus is that they may work together with the body’s own estrogen to increase the risk of breast cancer and other estrogen dependant conditions, of which adenomyosis is one. My thought process: estrogen is essential if it can be produced naturally and helps maintain a healthy - well-balanced body, however any excess estrogen cannot be a good thing for someone with adenomyosis.